Trade preparation under the AfCFTA agreement, Ambassador Albert Mudenda Muchanga, Commissioner for Trade and Industry, as part of the AfCFTA agreement, will begin on 1 July 2020. But AfCFTA parties still have crucial issues to resolve to create an integrated, active and effective AfCFTA market. Several committees have been established for trade in goods, trade in services, rules of origin, trade policy measures, non-tariff barriers, technical barriers to trade, and health and plant health measures.  Dispute resolution rules and procedures are still being negotiated, but should also include the appointment of a dispute resolution authority.  The Committee of Senior Trade Officials implements the Council`s decisions. The Committee is responsible for the development of programmes and action plans for the implementation of the AfCFTA agreement.  The Continental Free Trade Area (AfCFTA)  is a free trade area with 28 countries starting in 2018.     It was created by the African Free Trade Agreement between 54 of the 55 african union nations.  The free trade area is the largest in the world, in terms of the number of participating countries since the creation of the World Trade Organization.
 Accra, Ghana, is the secretariat of AFCFTA and was commissioned by Ghanaian President Nana Addo Dankwa Akuffo Addo on 18 August 2020 in Accra and handed over to the AU. He added that the two countries are now at peace and that Eritrea has asked the AU to conclude the agreement with them. Nigerian President Muhammadu Buhari signed the pioneering agreement at the African Union (AU) summit in Niger. The perimeter of the AfCFTA is important. The agreement will reduce tariffs between Member States and cover policy areas such as trade facilitation and services, as well as regulatory measures such as hygiene standards and technical barriers to trade. Full implementation of AfCFTA would transform markets and economies across the region and boost production in the services, manufacturing and raw materials sectors. The African Continental Free Trade Area only came into force when 22 of the signatory countries ratified the agreement, which took place in April 2019, when The Gambia was the 22nd country to ratify it.  In August 2020, there are 54 signatories, of which at least 30 have ratified and 28 have tabled their ratification instruments.    The three countries that have ratified their ratifications but have not yet tabled are Cameroon, Angola and Somalia, although Morocco is also ratified.   By July 2019, 54 of the 55 African Union states had signed the agreement, with Eritrea the only country not to sign the agreement.