These alternative agreements can serve as strong educational tools and discourage legal action. Like waiver declarations, they must be written and executed with care. To justify voluntary risk-taking, these agreements must meet three important criteria: a waiver must be specific to your institution, equipment, program, staff and participants. A good waiver clearly identifies the risks, which vary depending on the activity, type of program, location or location, age and skills of participants, and the situation of your organization`s staff and volunteering. The waiver is a very painful contract, because by signing, the participant agrees not only to expose himself to the physical risks of the activity, but also to legal risks. Alternatives to waiver declarations are informed consent and the adoption of risk agreements. These alternative forms differ from waiver declarations in that the parties who sign them accept only the known and foreseeable physical risks inherent in the activity and not the legal risk of negligence. A waiver is a legally binding contract in which the participant in an activity undertakes not to make the organization responsible or “responsible” for any violations that the participant may suffer as a result of participation in the Organization`s programmes. Informed consent: An informed consent form must be used for all excursions or other activities requiring mandatory participation or academic evaluation and/or for participants under the age of 18 (18 years old) to use an informed consent form. If the risks associated with the activity are extremely high (high-risk activity), organizers should consider other activities or organize the event on a voluntary basis. In the event of a high-risk event, for which there is no other solution, a derogation should be introduced and an alternative assessment method should be made available to those who do not wish to participate. For more information, see the risk management manual.