Free trade agreements should stimulate trade between two or more countries. Strengthening international trade has six main advantages: the Umbrella Facility for Trade Trust Fund (UF) was launched on April 22, 2017. The UF is a tripartite trust fund managed by the IUD, designed to support the analysis and knowledge of global and regional trade issues in the IUD and IDA countries. Over the next six years, the UF will support four key sectors of WBG`s trade work, in particular: there are also distribution consequences of increased trade. While economies as a whole benefit enormously from increased trade, as competition intensifies and many good jobs are created in export sectors – wages for workers in import-competitive industries could suffer or some workers will lose their jobs. The report notes that the main risks to the Malaysian economy are due to volatile commodity prices and uncertainty about the growth trajectory of the global economy and its impact on Malaysia`s exports. A better solution than protectionism is to include rules in trade agreements that protect against inconvenience. Countries are increasingly turning to the World Bank Group to work together on trade issues and, more broadly, on reforming the investment climate to ensure competitiveness. The WBG has the opportunity to contribute by sharing the technical knowledge that helps developing countries make informed policy decisions on trade and investment climate issues that will be essential for future growth and poverty reduction. In February 2017, the World Trade Organization`s Trade Facilitation Agreement came into force, which established a global effort to reduce trade costs and improve ties with the global economy. This step is an opportunity for the World Bank Group to continue to help countries develop – and implement – practical reform strategies to continue the fight against poverty and shared prosperity. Macedonia: WBG supported the government`s efforts to improve the efficiency of commercial logistics services (two projects as part of a programmatic approach).
The operation included measures to improve the effectiveness of inspections to promote cross-border trade and to encourage the transport industry to export through fleet arms incentives in line with EU emissions standards. The results include a 70% reduction in physical controls at the borders, with reduced transit periods for both exports and imports. In addition, the compliance rate of new vehicles to euro standards was 100%. In 2017, the volume of trade increased by 4.3%, the highest rate in 6 years. Behind the high level of trade are countries with growing GDP, businesses that operate across borders, and citizens with access to goods and services at lower prices. To further strengthen global trade, the World Bank is working with governments to remove trade barriers by developing and implementing strategies that maximize competitiveness, enhance connectivity and facilitate trade.