1947 Military Bases Agreement Philippines

In its joint resolution, the Philippine Congress fully endorsed “the policy and intent of Joint Resolution 93 (the United States Congress) and authorized the Philippine President to continue the negotiations mentioned in the joint U.S. resolution. The Philippine resolution, supported by the leaders of the current minority party, did not impose restrictions and did not obstruct the authority of the President of the United States to set up bases there. On the contrary, the resolution provided the full support and support of Congress and the President of the Philippines to the U.S. government`s program to establish bases for mutual protection. I submit to the Senate for its approval of an agreement between the Republic of the Philippines and the United States of America on military bases. This agreement was signed on March 14 in Manila by me on behalf of the Philippine government and by Ambassador Paul V. McNutt on behalf of the President of the United States. Other provisions of the agreement consist of specific descriptions of the status that the U.S. armed forces are required to respect in matters of taxation, customs, immigration and civil liability.

The Philippine government`s rights within the bases, for example with regard to mineral resources, are clearly defined. In all respects, with the exception of the jurisdiction over offences committed within the bases, the laws of the Philippine Republic in these areas will be preserved. No real aspect indicates or authorizes extraterritoriality. There is also a provision to voluntarily summon Filipino citizens into the U.S. armed forces and the possibility for the armed forces to have responsibility for those citizens after such summonses. The number of such registrations to be accepted must be limited by an agreement between the two governments. It should be noted that following negotiations with the President of the Philippines, the United States Congress authorized the President of the United States to “retain, acquire and retain the necessary notifications of these bases and the rights that flow from them,” as he may deem necessary in his judgment for the purposes set out in the Law. which should, in the first place, ensure the mutual protection of the two countries. It appears that the President of the United States has been authorized to maintain the desired bases, or even to acquire it through unilateral measures. The resolution made no sense to the President of the United States to negotiate, but it does not require him to follow the results of these negotiations.

On 16 September 1991, the Philippine Senate refused to extend the basic agreement by a narrow majority[12] and, despite further efforts to save the situation, the two sides failed to reach an agreement. On December 6, 1991, the Philippine government informed the United States that it had one year to complete the withdrawal. This withdrawal went smoothly and ended prematurely, with the last U.S. forces withdrawn on November 24, 1992. Initially, the U.S. government sold more than $1.3 billion in assets to the Philippines, including an airport and a ship repair plant. Agencies created by the Philippine government have rebuilt the former military bases for civilian commercial purposes, with Subic Bay serving as the flagship of these efforts. The Philippine government announced on July 16, 2015 that it would relaunch a U.S.-built deepwater naval base at Subic Bay[17] The vote resulted in 11 senators supporting an extension of the contract and 12 senators in favor of cracking down on the agreement.

Posted in Uncategorized.